Granbury's Texas Brigade was formed in November 1863 just before the battle of Missionary Ridge. Originally "Smith's Brigade" of Cleburne's Division, it was composed of three units. The 7th Texas Infantry under Colonel
Hiram B. Granbury
; the consolidated regiments of the 6th Texas Infantry, 10th Texas Infantry and 15th Texas Cavalry (dismounted) under Colonel
Roger Q. Mills: and the consolidated regiments of the 17th, 18th, 24th and 25th Texas Cavalry (dismounted) under Major William A. Taylor.
The new brigade saw its first action during the Chattanooga Campaign when Cleburne's Division was order to northern end of Missionary Ridge to protect the
Confederate Army's flank from the advance of 20,000 Union Troops under Major General William T. Sherman. General Smith and Colonel Mills were severely wounded
during the intense fighting Colonel Granbury was placed in charge of the Brigade. Granbury was later promoted to Brigadier General and his Texas Troops would take the name
"Granbury's Texas Brigade"
After establishing itself as a fierce fighting force in the Chatanoogha Campaign, the brigade would be in center of many of the bloodiest battles
throughout the Atlanta Campaign. It was commended by the Confederate Congress for its stand during the Confederate Victory at Ringgold Gap and would continue to fight gallantly at
Resaca, New Hope Church, Kenesaw Mountain, Peachtree Creek, Atlanta, and Jonesboro. In General Cleburne's official report on New Hope Church he said
"The piles of dead on this front was but a silent eulogy upon Granbury and his noble Texans". After the close of the Atlanta campaign, Granbury's Texas Brigade would continue as
the elite fighting force in Cleburne's Division as it joined Lt. General John B. Hoods ill fated invasion of Tennessee. The brigade was decimated in November 1864 at the
battle of Franklin Tennessee where both Granbury and Cleburne were killed along with 4 other Confederate Generals and Lt. Colonel Robert B. Young commanding the 10th
Feb. 5, 1865, former 24th Texas Cavalry Commander, Major William A. Taylor, a prisoner at Johnson's Island,
Ohio, wrote to the father of Lt. Colonel Young:
I have just learned through Capt. Jones of the death of your son Lt. Col. Robt. B. Young. This sad new was not unexpected to me. I hope I am not intruding by
writing this letter upon your sorrow, but my Dear sir, his death has brought sorrow to other than those of his immediate family; many will mourn his life and refuse
to be comforted because he is not. It is true that in this melancholy event we see the hand of God and know that we must submit, but oh, how hard.
I first knew him in Texas (Waco). We were close and intimate friends, in fact, he was my best friend and with you I grieve at his loss. In him you have
lost a son, I more than a friend, a brother. Surely it may be said of him, that none knew him but to love him. I know that a more brave and gallant spirit
never left this earth. My Texas home, if I should live to return, will not be home without him. His genial spirit, his uniform kindness, his sociability will
be greatly missed in the friendly circle. Alas, who can fill his void? We have long been together, in the Army in the same brigade.
I saw him last in front of his Regiment, gallantly leading it on, inspiring his men with his undaunted spirit and courage. He fell to rise no more upon the bloody field of Franklin.
He died, where the brave die, at his post, and in the thickest of battle. None performed their duty in this war more cheerfully or nobly than he. His love and enthusiasm for
our glorious cause influenced all around him. His patriotism was pure, his devotion to his country was deep and heartfelt. He was brave without vanity, generous to a fault,
ambitious only as became a patriot, the soul of honor, a true soldier and a gentleman by nature. But -
T'is thus they go, one by one
The leaders hail, like autumn frost
Where Victory is won or lost.
Accept my Dear Sir this poor tribute of respect to the missing of one, loved by yourself, no more than by one, who, to you unkown deeply feels and mourns his irreplacable loss.
Thus believe me to be Sir
Very Respectly Your Obdt. Svt
William A. Taylor
Major 24th Regt. Tex
Army of Tennessee
Witnesses of the blood bath at Franklin reported, "General Granbury was hit in the eye about the same time Gen.Patrick Cleburne was hit in the chest.
The bullet passed through his brain and exploded at the back of his head. He threw his hands up to his face and fell dead instantly.
The tattered brigade was now left in the command of Captain, E. T. Broughton who would soon lead them in another disastrous
conflict at the battle of Nashville. When the final surrender took place at Durham Station, NC. in 1865,
so few soldiers of the brigade were left that all 8 regiments had been combined into one.